UNFPA first began working in Afghanistan in 1976. As Afghanistan entered into many decades of conflict, UNFPA adapted its services to assist and support Afghans both inside and outside the country, providing reproductive health services to the vast refugee populations in Pakistan and Iran.
In 2002, after the fall of the Taliban, UNFPA re-established its Country Office in Afghanistan and developed a new programme of long-term support for women and young people, starting with the rehabilitation of three maternity hospitals in Kabul.
One of the key activities for UNFPA, which was initiated in 2010 is to ensure comprehensive socio-demographic surveys are conducted across Afghanistan to support informed policy-making. Recently, UNFPA published the socio-demographic and economic survey for Kabul, which is the fourth Provincial report completed. These reports are located here: